(UK sovereign base area)
Flag of Dhekelia
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This page was last updated on 4 September 2008

Map of Dhekelia

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   Introduction    Dhekelia Top of Page
Definition Field Listing
By terms of the 1960 Treaty of Establishment that created the independent Republic of Cyprus, the UK retained full sovereignty and jurisdiction over two areas of almost 254 square kilometers - Akrotiri and Dhekelia. The larger of these is the Dhekelia Sovereign Base Area, which is also referred to as the Eastern Sovereign Base Area.
   Geography    Dhekelia Top of Page
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Eastern Mediterranean, on the southeast coast of Cyprus near Famagusta
Geographic coordinates:
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34 59 N, 33 45 E
Map references:
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Middle East
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total: 130.8 sq km
note: area surrounds three Cypriot enclaves
Area - comparative:
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about three-quarters the size of Washington, DC
Land boundaries:
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total: 103 km (approximately)
border countries: Cyprus 103 km (approximately)
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27.5 km
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temperate; Mediterranean with hot, dry summers and cool winters
Environment - current issues:
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netting and trapping of small migrant songbirds in the spring and autumn
Geography - note:
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British extraterritorial rights also extended to several small off-post sites scattered across Cyprus; of the Sovereign Base Area land 60% is privately owned and farmed, 20% is owned by the Ministry of Defense, and 20% is SBA Crown land
   People    Dhekelia Top of Page
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approximately 15,700 live on the Sovereign Base Areas of Akrotiri and Dhekelia including 7,700 Cypriots, 3,600 Service and UK Based Contract personnel, and 4,400 dependents
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English, Greek
   Government    Dhekelia Top of Page
Country name:
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conventional long form: Dhekelia Sovereign Base Area
conventional short form: Dhekelia
Dependency status:
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a special form of UK overseas territory; administered by an administrator who is also the Commander, British Forces Cyprus
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name: Episkopi Cantonment (base administrative center for Akrotiri and Dhekelia); located in Akrotiri
geographic coordinates: 34 40 N, 32 51 E
time difference: UTC+2 (7 hours ahead of Washington, DC during Standard Time)
daylight saving time: +1hr, begins last Sunday in March; ends last Sunday in October
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Sovereign Base Areas of Akrotiri and Dhekelia Order in Council 1960, effective 16 August 1960, functions as a basic legal document
Legal system:
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the Sovereign Base Area Administration has its own court system to deal with civil and criminal matters; laws applicable to the Cypriot population are, as far as possible, the same as the laws of the Republic of Cyprus
Executive branch:
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chief of state: Queen ELIZABETH II (since 6 February 1952)
head of government: Administrator Air Vice-Marshal Richard LACEY (since 26 April 2006); note - reports to the British Ministry of Defense
elections: none; the monarch is hereditary; the administrator is appointed by the monarch
Diplomatic representation in the US:
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none (overseas territory of the UK)
Diplomatic representation from the US:
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none (overseas territory of the UK)
Flag description:
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the flag of the UK is used
   Economy    Dhekelia Top of Page
Economy - overview:
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Economic activity is limited to providing services to the military and their families located in Dhekelia. All food and manufactured goods must be imported.
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Currency (code):
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euro (EUR) adopted 1 January 2008; note - the Cypriot pound (CYP) formerly used
Exchange rates:
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Cypriot pounds per US dollar - 0.4286 (2007), 0.46019 (2006), 0.4641 (2005), 0.4686 (2004), 0.5174 (2003)
   Communications    Dhekelia Top of Page
Radio broadcast stations:
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AM NA, FM 1 (located in Akrotiri), shortwave NA (British Forces Broadcasting Service (BFBS) provides Radio 1 and Radio 2 service to Akrotiri, Dhekelia, and Nicosia) (2006)
Television broadcast stations:
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0 (British Forces Broadcasting Service (BFBS) provides multi-channel satellite service to Akrotiri, Dhekelia, and Nicosia) (2006)

   Military    Dhekelia Top of Page
Military - note:
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includes Dhekelia Garrison and Ayios Nikolaos Station connected by a roadway

This page was last updated on 4 September 2008


Source : The World Factbook